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Nowadays, with the increasing data volume, data centers are facing the challenges of increasing demand, power density, node and rack equipment. As a result, their data centers will generate more heat. The problem of heat dissipation has become a difficult problem for data center operators.
According to a survey released by BSRIA, the traditional cooling solution used by data centers is air cooling, but with the increasing demand for services, data centers are prompting them to explore new alternative solutions to find more flexible, powerful and cost-effective cooling layouts and technologies. At this point, the way of liquid cooling is born.
Liquid cooling, as the name suggests, is a liquid-based cooling system that pumps liquid through pipes around equipment that needs to be cooled, which absorbs the heat generated by IT equipment and takes it away.
Another liquid cooling technology being developed is jet impingement, which directs the liquid jet toward the equipment that needs to be cooled. This method is most suitable for applications with high heat flux capability and unconventional shape facilities. Liquid cooling provides many incomparable advantages for air cooling and other cooling systems.
Nowadays, the technology of liquid cooling is highly praised by many companies, and many data centers begin to adopt the technology of liquid cooling.
Today, China IDC Circle presents you with six examples of liquid-cooled data centers to show you the current development of liquid-cooled technology.
Data center fishing
Microsoft has deployed a submarine underwater data center in waters off the coast of the Oakney Islands in Scotland. Microsoft sank a 40-foot ship off the coast of the Oakney Islands off the coast of Scotland. The data center has 12 racks, 864 servers and corresponding cooling facilities.
Build the data center on the seabed, use lake water and sea water to cool the data center, to a certain extent, reduce the construction cost of the data center, reduce the power consumption of the data center, thereby reducing the value of PUE, thereby reducing TCO.
Warm water to cool down
Nowadays, the seventh university-level platform of Peking University - "Weiming 1" high-performance computing platform has been put into operation. The platform uses Lenovo 45 degree temperature water cooling technology.
"No. 1" uses Lenovo Shenteng X8800 supercomputer system, Shenteng X8800 based on Lenovo's 45 65507 Compared with the traditional air-cooled cooling technology, the efficiency of LINPACK is 92.6% and the PUE value is controlled to 1.1 by using the 45 C warm water cooling technology.
Ali cloud used the data center of Qiandao Lake in Zhejiang to adopt lake water cooling according to local conditions. Deep lake water flows through a completely closed pipeline through the data center to help the server cool down, then flows through the 2.5 kilometers of Qingxi New Town Axis, as a city landscape, and finally returns to the lake cleanly after natural cooling.
With deep lake water cooling and Alibaba customized hardware, the designed annual average PUE (energy efficiency index) is less than 1.3 and the lowest PUE1.17, which saves about tens of millions of degrees of electricity and reduces carbon emissions by more than 10,000 tons of standard coal, and is one of the most energy-saving data centers in subtropical China. In addition, Alibaba has developed a new data center cooling system that immerses the server motherboard in the coolant and uses the excellent heat dissipation capability of the liquid to cool the server.
There is mystery in the cave.
The Norwegian Green Mountain Company transformed an abandoned NATO ammunition warehouse in Stavanger, Norway, into a data center with a space of 146,000 square feet (13,600 square meters). The three story underground data center is located in the middle of the mountain and makes the landscape undamaged. The data center has two green energy sources provided by hydroelectric power stations. The chilled water cooling server of fjord is 8 C (46 degree F) throughout the year, and is cooled by circulating system.
Green Mountain's data center is hydropower-driven, using mountain streams to cool and nearby fjords to cool their data centers. Truly low cost, low risk and low carbon. Attracting more enterprises to build data centers here.
"Air cooling 2" - water indirectly participates in cooling.
Cologix and Equinix's data center in Toronto, Canada, uses Lake Ontario water to cool their servers. In these two cases, water is indirectly involved in the cooling process. Through the heat exchanger, the air in the data center is correspondingly cooled by a liquid cooling medium, which is then used for the natural cooling of the hardware.
This method is called "air cooling 2".
Liquid cooling down PUE value
Google Belgium's data center, located in Saint-Ghislain, uses evaporative cooling systems to extract water from nearby industrial canals, and designs and manufactures water treatment plants in the station.
The data center uses the cold water from the canal to take heat away, builds its own water treatment plant, and then uses the treated canal water to cool the data center. It uses only cooling towers to cool the water without cooling machines. The data center is the first completely natural cooling data center of Google, reducing the data center. PUE.
The seawater cooling data center of Finland uses 100% of the seawater to dissipate heat. A modular refrigeration unit and a closed internal circulation refrigerated water (fresh water) are used to heat the heat exchanger of the open-type external circulation cooling water (seawater), and then the heated seawater is sent to the outdoor temperature regulating room, where the main function is to mix the hot water supplied with fresh seawater. Before returning to the sea, Google will use more seawater to cool it. Reduced environmental impact.
The promotion and application of liquid cooling technology in various enterprises and countries. It can be seen that liquid cooling is indeed favored by many enterprises and companies. Liquid cooling has many advantages, making it a potential powerful solution for data centers. Perhaps its greatest attraction is flexibility and agility. Liquid cooling allows data center operators to increase cooling at specific locations without changing the entire cooling system. This feature allows them to adjust cooling settings to changing business needs and provide more accurate cooling.
The risk of liquid cooling remains.
Although many enterprises and companies use liquid cooling to transport and manage data centers and standardize the construction of computer rooms in data centers, there are still some problems in liquid cooling, which hinder its wide application.
Current problems are mainly manifested in the lack of standards, potential leakage, safety risks, operational complexity, investment costs and other issues. In addition, some data center facilities may not have such demand for a long time. If data center operators do not plan to process data from advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence or the Internet of Things, they may not need to increase cooling capacity. As these technologies become more and more common, such data centers will become less and less. However, the best types of cooling solutions still depend on the needs and resources of each facility.
Liquid cooling will be indispensable in the future.
With the continuous expansion of data centers, the operation of data centers must be more flexible. The improvement of technology and the renewal and iteration of liquid cooling technology will make the application of liquid cooling technology more and more popular.
However, vendors that are starting to think about liquid cooling technology need to be reasonably analyzed and invested wisely, because liquid cooling may play an indispensable role in future data centers.